Ph.D. Theses

Ph.D. Theses

The theses listed below are sorted by Ph.D. and, within each Ph.D., by year of defense.

 

Title: Essays on the portuguese labour market: The effects of flexibility at the margin
Programme: Economics
Student: Marta Alexandra da Palma Curado da Silva
Supervisor(s): Luís Filipe Martins
Abstract: This thesis aims to study the effects of the promotion of flexibility at the margin in the Portuguese labour market through the facilitation of the use of fixed-term contracts. We present three empirical essays that assess the effects of the 2004 change in legislation that extended the maximum legal duration of fixed-term contracts from three to six years. Given the high labour market segmentation and representativeness of fixed-term contracts in the Portuguese labour market, we consider that these studies may contribute to the design of future public policies. The empirical analysis is conducted using the linked employer-employee database Quadros de Pessoal for the period between 2002 and 2011. The results of the three essays suggest that fixed-term contracts may play different roles in the labour market, namely as screening devices and quantitative adjustment tools, and that this fact should be taken into account when the effects of asymmetric employment protection reforms are analysed. After controlling for several micro and macro variables, we find evidence that the extension of the fixed-term contract for a longer period had negative effects on the probability of conversion of the contract and contributed to increase the wage inequality between workers on permanent or converted fixed-term contracts and those that did not obtain a more stable employment relationship. Besides, we find evidence that this change in legislation did not contribute to increase employment growth and decrease the rate of creation of fixedterm jobs, especially due to the effects of the proportion of non-converted fixed-term contracts. This research suggests that labour market segmentation should be tackled and policy makers should promote measures aiming to stimulate the conversion of fixedterm into open-ended contracts.
Placement:
Defense Year: 2016